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tighten loose skin

Sometimes losing weight presents new problems for people. Not all of the fat in your body that breaks up is burned off immediately. There can be fatty tissue under your skin that is stubborn and takes extra time and dedication to burn off. Meanwhile, the body appears to be covered in a layer of sagging skin. This loose skin is virtually harmless. However, it can cause hygiene problems because the extra folds of skin rub against other parts of the body. It’s not vision of a healthy body either. Tightening loose skin can become a major issue for people who have lost a significant amount of weight.

The solution to tightening the loose skin is to change your BMI. What does this mean? It means you need to build lean body mass while continuing to lose body fat. While everyone has a unique goal based on their own height and body frame, the general goal is to have a BMI less than 30. Depending on your body frame, it may be necessary to work towards a BMI on the lower end of your healthy range. It isn't easy to change your BMI if you are already in a healthy routine, but it can be done with persistence.
  • Continue with a healthy diet
  • Do cardio exercises most days of the week
  • Perform strength training exercises several times per week
  • Limit sweets and processed foods
  • Include plenty of protein in your diet
Getting your body composition within the normal range is the most natural way of reducing sagging skin after weight loss. Lean body mass is often reduced, along with body fat, when people lose weight. Building your lean body mass gives your skin something to hold it firmly in place.

It’s also important to know the difference between flabby skin and loose skin. Loose skin can be surgically removed. It is the thin layer of skin that hangs off the body when a lot of weight is lost. Flabby skin, on the other hand, cannot be helped by having a body lift. This skin is still filled with pockets of fat. The first step in this case is to burn more fat.

Though it isn’t a quick fit answer to reducing the appearance of sagging skin, it is important to know that your skin can restore itself over time. Dedicate yourself to a healthy lifestyle and keeping physically active to gradually tighten the loose skin. You didn’t gain weight or lose weight overnight and your skin isn’t able to restore itself overnight either.

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body mass index calculation

Use the BMI calculation to determine weight status. By calculating BMI one can get an indication of whether they are underweight, of normal weight, overweight or fall in the obesity range.

What is BMI - Body Mass Index?

Body Mass Index (BMI) is an indicator of relative body fat that can be used to predict a person’s risk for weight associated diseases. It is determined using a simple calculation that takes into consideration the ratio of weight to height, and defines what weight category a person falls into.

The Body Mass Index Calculation

BMI is defined as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in metres (kg/m2).
As such, the body mass index calculation uses the following equation:
  • BMI = Weight / (Height)2

Examples of Calculating BMI

If a person weighs 60kg and is 1.75 metres tall, the person’s body mass calculation is as follows follows:
  • BMI = 70 / (1.75)2 = 22.9
If a person weighs 85kg and is 1.75 metres tall, the person’s body mass calculation is as follows follows:
  • BMI = 85 / (1.75)2 = 27.8
If a person weighs 100kg and is 1.75 metres tall, the person’s body mass calculation is as follows follows:
  • BMI = 100 / (1.75)2 = 32.7

How Does Calculating BMI Correlate to Normal Weight, Underweight, Overweight or Obese?

According to the WHO, a person is:
  • of normal weight if their BMI lies between 18.5 and 25 kg/m2.
  • underweight if their BMI falls below 18.5 kg/m2
  • overweight if their BMI lies between 25kg/m2 and 30kg/m2
  • obese if their BMI falls above 30kg/m2

Restrictions of the Body Mass Index Calculation

While the WHO endorses the use of BMI to define one’s weight status, there are some restrictions to using this tool. The following must be considered when using the body mass index calculation:
  • BMI values are age-independent, and therefore may underestimate body fat in older persons.
  • BMI values do not take into consideration muscle mass, and therefore may overestimate body fat in athletes and other people such as men who tend to be more muscular than women.
  • BMI ranges do not take into consideration body frame size, and therefore may not correspond to the different populations. This may also result in overestimates of body fat in many men.
  • BMI values may overestimate the mount of body fat in pregnant women.

Implications of Calculating BMI

By calculating BMI one can get an indication of whether they are underweight, overweight, obese or of normal weight. If a person falls outside the "normal" BMI range, they may want to consider seeking help from a health professional to get their body back on track, since both underweight and overweight and obesity can lead to many different health complications.

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Patients who are obese and suffer from risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes, could be candidates for treatment with Adipex, along with diet and exercise, for help with losing weight. Adipex-P is a short-term appetite suppressant that is used as part of an overall weight reduction program. Patients typically need to have a body mass index greater than 27 to qualify as a candidate for Adipex-P.

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Warning Before Taking Adipex-P

Adipex should not be taken with other diet medications such as Phen-Fen or Redux. This combination of drugs can cause a rare fatal lung disorder called pulmonary hypertension. Never take Adipex with any other form of diet medications without your doctors permission.

Do not take Adipex within 14 days of taking an MAO inhibitor. Life-threatening side effects can occur if the MAO inhibitor has not cleared out of your system.

Do not take Adipex if you are allergic to stimulants, if you have heart disease, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis (hardening of your arteries), glaucoma, an overactive thyroid, if you are agitated, or if you have a history of drug or alcohol abuse.

Alert your physician before you take Adipex if you have problems with your thyroid, have an anxiety disorder, have a seizure disorder or epilepsy, or if you have diabetes. You may not be able to use Adipex if you have these conditions or you may need to undergo tests before taking this medication.

Side Effects of Adipex-P

Common side effects while taking Adipex-P could include: dizziness, diarrhea, dry mouth, changes in sex drive, constipation, exaggerated feelings of depression or elation, headache, hives, impotence, high blood pressure, inability to fall or stay asleep, increased heart rate, restlessness, overstimulation, stomach or intestinal problems, tremors, throbbing heartbeat, or unpleasant taste.

Discuss any side effects you experience with your doctor. Your doctor will be able to determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Adipex-P.

Administration of Adipex-P

This medicine needs to be taken exactly as prescribed. Never take this medication in larger amounts or for longer than recommended by your physician.

Adipex-P is recommended for short term use, generally a few weeks at one time. Taking higher doses of this medicine over long periods of time cans cause you to experience insomnia, severe skin problems, irritability, personality changes, and or feelings of hyperactivity.

Adipex should be taken on an empty stomach before breakfast. It should be taken with a full glass of water. Make sure to take this medication at least 10 to 14 hours before bedtime. Never take Adipex in the evening because it can cause you to suffer from insomnia.

Never chew, break, crush, or open an extended-release capsule. Always swallow the pill whole.

If you start to have increased hunger or if you think the medication is no longer working, do not increase your dosage. Taking too much Adipex can cause life-threatening side effects. Contact your physician. You may need to stop using the medication but if you have used it for a long period of time, your physician may need to wean you off of the drug. Suddenly stopping this medication could cause withdrawal symptoms.

Considerations Regarding Adipex-P

Adipex-P is considered a drug of abuse and can be habit-forming. It should only be used by the person it was prescribed for.
It is not known if this medication will harm an unborn baby. Talk to your physician if your are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant before taking Adipex. Do not breast-feed a baby without checking with a physician.

Adipex-P will lose its effect after being on the medication for several weeks. Once this occurs, you should discontinue the medication on the recommendation of your physician. Never try to boost the effectiveness of the drug by increasing the dosage, this could result in serious side effects and a dependence on the medication.

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abdominal obesity
It is common knowledge that excess body fat has a negative affect on health. But while the emphasis has long been on the Body Mass Index to measure health-harming excess weight, the growing trend is to use waist measurements and waist-to-hip ratios as indicators for health issues such as metabolic syndrome and heart disease.

A belly full of health problems

Abdominal fat is a proven risk factor for many chronic conditions. In the December 2007 issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, a study found that abdominal obesity is a better indicator of heart disease than weight or waist measurements alone.

Excess belly fat almost doubles a woman's chances of developing gallstones, as shown by a two-year study of more than 42,000 women in the United States published in the journal Gut in February 2006.

Other findings published on August 21 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology showed that people with higher waist-to-hip ratios have more atherosclerotic plaque than those with smaller waist-to-hip ratios.

A man’s waist size is also a better predictor of his risk of developing type 2 diabetes than BMI or a waist-to-hip ratio alone, according to 2005 data from the Harvard Health Professionals Follow-Up Study.

Researchers from the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal, Canada also discovered in 2007 that large waist-to-hip ratios are associated with impaired breathing in the morbidly obese due to the large fat mass surrounding the abdomen.

Underlying causes

Although research is inconclusive about the exact causes of abdominal fat, many theories have been developed.

Genes could influence how much abdominal fat postmenopausal women accumulate and where according to a 2001 study by researchers at the Mayo Clinic.

Abdominal fat also seems to go hand in hand with stress, as shown by a Yale University study published in Psychosomatic Medicine in the fall of 2004, which reported that the stress hormone cortisol has an exaggerated effect on women with excess belly fat but who were otherwise lean.

Another substance in the body that is linked with abdominal fat, according to findings in 2001 by researchers at the Quebec Heart Institute, is C-reactive protein, a protein involved in the inflammation response.

It is inconclusive as to whether alcohol increases abdominal fat. While some scientists think that increased cortisol levels after alcohol consumption are to blame, others point to alcohol’s suppression of the body’s fat-burning ability.

Alternative medicine theories, on the other hand, link belly fat to accumulated undigested waste in the colon or impaired liver function due to excess toxins.

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childhood obesity

Currently, there is no strict way to classify a childhood obesity or overweight. Nonetheless, the prevalence of childhood obesity is growing around the globe. The health effects of childhood obesity can be both phychological and physiological. Therefore by educating parents and children about healthy eating and the benefits of exercise, the hope is to not only help prevent childhood obesity in many, but also stem the rising prevalence in adults.

Definition of Childhood Obesity

Just like in adults, childhood obesity is defined by an accumulation of excess body fat; however, in children, the way excess body fat is measured and how these measurements are interpreted varies.

Around the globe, the different ways and criteria used to define childhood obesity and overweight include the following:
  • Skin-fold thickness: By measuring skin-fold thickness, a child can be classified as overweight if they have at least 25-30% body fat; however, there are many different methods that can be used to measure percentage body fat.
  • BMI (Body Mass Index): BMI is a person’s weight in kg divided by the height in metres squared (kg/m2), and is the measurement used to define an adult as being overweight or obese. However, the way the BMI is interpreted to define childhood obesity varies around the globe. In the USA, a child may be defined as overweight if they lie on or above the 95th percentile of BMI for the child’s age, while in some European countries, a child may be defined as overweight if they are at or above the 85th percentile of BMI and defined as having childhood obesity if their BMI resides at or above 95th percentile.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) uses BMI to define obesity for children and infants under the age of five years; however, the organisation states that it is much more difficult to measure obesity in children between five and 14 years of age and that there is therefore no global standard definition of childhood obesity for this age group. As such, WHO is currently working to develop an international growth reference for school-age children and adolescents.

Prevalence of Childhood Obesity

The prevalence of childhood obesity continues to rise in many regions of the globe, with childhood obesity already having become an epidemic in some areas.
WHO reports that an estimates 22 million children under five years of age are overweight around the globe. In the USA alone, the number of overweight children has doubled since 1980, while the number of overweight adolescents had tripled over this time frame. In terms of obesity, this has more than doubled in children aged six to 11 years over the past 50 years, while the prevalence of obesity in adolescents has increased dramatically also. WHO reports that in the USA, adolescents aged 12-17 years have seen a rise from 5% to 13% in boys and from 5% to 9% in girls between 1966-70 and 1988-91.

Just like adult obesity, childhood obesity is not limited to first-world countries, but is becoming increasingly common in low-income and middle-income countries. One example is the the prevalence of obesity in Thai children aged five to 12 years, which has risen by 3.4% to reach 15.6% in just two years.

Health Effects of Childhood Obesity

The health effects of childhood obesity can be both psychological and physiological. While childhood obesity can significantly increase the risk of a child developing depression, it can also result in early onset of obesity-related conditions seen in many obese adults. The many conditions that are associated with obesity include diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, sleep apnoea and cancer, among others.

Childhood obesity significantly also increases the likelihood of becoming an obese adult, with around 70% of obese children growing up to become obese adults. As such, childhood obesity is associated with an increased risk of premature death as well as disability in adulthood.

Prevention of Childhood Obesity

The WHO recommends a healthy diet and exercise for children, since childhood obesity and obesity-related conditions are largely preventable. Prevention and intervention strategies have been put in place in many countries in order to educate society about the benefits of healthy eating, and exercise, with a number of strategies targeting the level of preschool and school children in an effort to stem the rising prevalence of childhood obesity. In addition, many say that prevention of childhood obesity is the best way to stem the adult obesity epidemic that we are seeing today.

belly fat burn
Too much belly fat, or any excess weight is not a good thing. Medical science has been preaching the risks and consequences of carrying a whole bunch of extra weight. Losing weight is not one of the easiest things to do, as a matter of fact, weight loss can be one of the most daunting challenges this life has to offer.

Just because something is difficult is no reason to feel overwhelmed and defeated. Just the opposite should be true. Some folks, when faced with a seemingly insurmountable obstacle, are able to get on top of the situation and find a way over, under, around, or through that very obstacle. Losing weight is a seemingly insurmountable obstacle for some folks. but it doesn't need to be so.

Understanding Weight Loss Basics

Losing weight is sort of like a simple math equation. There are many parts to an equation, but the parts must appear in exactly the precise order for that equation to appear correct. Some folks seem to have part of the weight loss equation correct, while other parts are still missing. Successful weight loss is a simple equation that basically calls for burning more calories than consumed.

Calories consumed < Calories burned = Weight loss

That's a simple equation to understand. The next step after understanding this equation is setting some realistic weight loss goals and making a plan to reach those goals. And after that, the next thing is to be surrounded by supporting friends, family, and even doctors if necessary. Finally, make a plan for how to handle situations when the goals seem impossible to reach. All of these make up the parts of a successful equation for weight loss.

Time to Assess the Risks of Being Overweight

According to the National Institutes of Health, proper assessment of being overweight is made up of three main parts. The first is body mass index, or BMI. BMI is simply a means to measure body weight relative to height and waist circumference to measure the amount of abdominal fat, which is related the risk for developing obesity-associated diseases. Use the BMI calculator to estimate total body fat. The ideal BMI falls in the range of 18.5 to 24.9. Anything over 25.0 is considered overweight.

Waist circumference is the second assessment tool in determining if a person is overweight. Using a simple measuring tape to measure the distance around the waistline area of the abdomen. If the measurement is more than 35 inches for women, or 40 inches for men, then there may be a risk of developing heart disease or other obesity-related diseases.

Other Risk Factors Associated with Excess Weight

Once the BMI is determined, there are additional risk factors to be considered like high blood pressure, or hypertension. Those who are overweight need to consider the risks associated with excess weight such as as high levels of the bad LDL cholesterol, low levels of the HDL good cholesterol, high triglycerides, high blood sugar, a family history of heart disease, a sedentary lifestyle, and smoking.

Lowering the Risk of Being Overweight

Getting rid of that fat belly is just the beginning of a total weight loss plan. Those with a BMI of 25 to 25.9 and who have two or more of the aforementioned risk factors, weight loss is critical for future health. Just taking off 10 percent of one's current weight will help lower the risk of developing some of the diseases that come along with being overweight.

It may be time to start thinking seriously about losing that belly fat and make an appointment to speak with a doctor. The doctor can more accurately evaluate the BMI, waist measurement, and other risk factors for heart disease, diabetes, or premature death. Make a decision to start losing weight today. Always remember why this journey was begun and do whatever it takes to remain on course toward a healthier, happier, and thinner future.

As with any radical changes in diet or exercise, it may be beneficial to consult a health care professional, nutritionist, or doctor before starting any diet, exercise, or weight loss plan. This article is for informational purposes only. The information provided herein is of a general nature and should not be substituted as advice from a qualified professional.

body mass index
It is important not to fall victim to what the media says is an acceptable weight. Models and movie stars are thinner than they were 25 years ago, impressing upon society that thinner is better. However, movie stars and models are not necessarily the culprit for the rising eating disorders amongst today’s youth; environmental stressors such as student or work life can cause a decrease in appetite. In any case, obesity has risen as well. It would seem the happy, healthy medium is diminishing.

But keeping tabs on your weight is the first line of defense in fighting off disease. While genetics play a role a person's natural body composition, it is still important to stay within the limits of a healthy weight in relationship to your height and age. The following helps to determine a healthy weight.

Calculate your BMI

Your Body Mass Index (BMI) is a formula used by health and fitness professionals to determine whether a person is underweight, at a healthy weight, overweight or obese. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention lists the following ranges for BMI:
  • Less than 18.5 is underweight
  • 18.5 to 24.9 is at a healthy weight
  • 25 to 29.9 is overweight
  • 30 and higher is obese
To calculate BMI multiply your weight (in pounds) by 703 and divide that number by your height (in inches) squared. You can also find BMI calculators online.

After you have calculated your number, refer to the above chart to see where you fall. Remember that BMI is a guide to determine weight and can give you an idea of whether or not you weigh more or less than you should.

If your BMI is over 25, it is a good indication that you need to start an exercise regimen and revamp your diet with healthier options. If it is less than 18.5, your body may be malnourished. Either case, consult a dietitian for proper nutrition consultation.

Measure Your Waist

Knowing your waist circumference is important for two reasons:
  • It determines whether you are overweight
  • It determines whether you are at risk for disease
To measure your waist circumference, place a measuring tape around your belly button firmly, but not tightly; you want to get an honest measurement. Men with a waist of over 40 inches and women with a waist of over 35 inches are at risk for disease such as high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes.

If you are at risk for disease, see your physician and discuss with him or her how to turn your circumstances around with a proper fitness and nutrition program as soon as possible. Your life depends on it.